The phrase Edible Computer Chip®
was coined by research scientist, Dr. Ann de Wees Allen, as
she sought to clarify and explain how the human brain responds
to stimulus, such as food and beverages.
conducting a medical lecture in Japan at the Tokyo Convention
Center, Dr. Allen explained that the human brain acts
like an “organic computer.”
Allen pointed out that a prime example of the brain-computer
relationship was shown in Rainman, a very popular
movie about Kim Peek, a Savant, whose brain works exactly
like a computer.
played by Dustin Hoffman, closely represented the personality
and abilities of the real Rainman, Kim Peek, who,
like Einstein, has been a Savant since childhood.
Peek exhibited Savant-genius from a very early age. According
to Peek's father, Fran, Kim was able to memorize things from
the age of 16-20 months. He read books, memorized them, and
then placed them upside down on the shelf to show that he
had finished reading them, a practice he still maintains.
reads a page of text in about 10 seconds (about a book per
hour) and remembers everything he has read, memorizing
vast amounts of information in subjects ranging from history
and literature, geography, and numbers, to sports, music,
and dates. He can recall 12,000 books from memory, and can
also perform formidable mathematical calculations in his head.
is also able to listen to music and distinguish which instruments
play which parts, and is adept at guessing the composers of
new music by comparing the music to the many thousands of
music samples in his memory.
personality is quite personable and childlike, and as such,
he has limitations that require him to live with a caretaker,
as he is not capable of driving or performing routine tasks.
caretaker is his father, Fran, who accompanies Kim to lectures
at Universities and seminars around the world. Kim continues
to be in high demand and is quite pleased to any question
or partake in any brain-tests that showcase his unique talent.
Fran and Kim reside in Salt Lake City.
the normal and the Savant-brain function like an
organic computer, though the Savant-brain exhibits
very rare memory and calculation abilities, similar to a mathematical
average human brain is not capable of processing complex calculations
without benefit of a calculator or pen & paper. The Savant-brain
is quite capable of conducting complex calculations in a nano-second
and without forethought. The process is still not fully understood
average human brain and a computer are similar in the following
Both use electrical signals to send messages
have a memory that can grow
can adapt and learn
have evolved over time
can be damaged
can change and be modified
Both can do math and other logical tasks
a computer uses electricity, or non-organic power
to transmit information, the human brain utilizes organic
chemicals to transmit information. Contrary to popular
belief, the brain uses dietary carbohydrates as its
fuel source, and not protein.
some ways, the human brain is superior to a computer. The
brain is superior at interpreting the outside world and is
capable of imagination and new ideas.
in the brain grow by stronger synaptic connections. Computer
memory grows by adding computer chips.
as a computer responds to computer chips, the human
brain responds to computer chips, but the brain-computer
chips are in an edible form. Every food, drink, Nutraceutical,
Pharmaceutical, vitamin, and mineral ingested by humans is
a computer chip. If it enters the mouth, it is an Edible Computer
banana is an Edible Computer Chip®, and so is a hamburger,
or a soda, or any other food or beverage. When a food or beverage
enters the mouth, it triggers sensors on the tongue that send
messages to the brain.
does not matter if you swallow the food or beverage or spit
it out, the process has already begun.
two primary mechanisms by which food/beverages trigger negative
insulin-elevation and adipose tissue fat-storage are:
Digestion and Metabolism: occurs following swallowing
and ingestion of a food or beverage
Response (Brain Glycemic Indexing): occurs when a food
or beverage hits the tongue (swallowing not required)
the Digestion and Metabolism process, the
pancreatic beta cells secrete insulin in response to circulating
carbohydrate in the blood stream, resulting from the ingestion
of carbohydrate-rich foods or excess protein.
the Cephalic Response process, insulin secretion
begins even before any carbohydrate is absorbed into
the bloodstream. During the early phase of insulin release,
insulin levels start to rise in the first minute after the
start of a carbohydrate-rich meal/beverage. The glucose level
does not begin to rise until the third minute.
so-called “Cephalic” or early response
is seen whether there is actually carbohydrate, or even
any calories at all, in an ingested meal, beverage, or
brain’s neural signals, arising from visual, auditory,
and olfactory stimulation, are processed before food is actually
ingested. The insular cortex, orbitofrontal cortex and the
piriform cortex integrate signals related to sight, taste
and olfaction in humans and primates with other cortical modalities
such as memory of past experiences (place, safe vs. toxic
food, etc) to influence food intake.
of these external sensory cues contribute to the Cephalic
phase response to food, which consists of increased salivation
and gastrointestinal hormone secretion, among other responses.
mere anticipation of a pleasurable meal is enough, in some
situations, to stimulate an insulin response. The Cephalic
phase response actually prepares the body for optimal absorption
and utilization of nutrients.
sensation of sweet taste is one of the most potent triggers
of the Cephalic response. The Cephalic response of artificial
sweeteners is known to stimulate insulin release and cationic
fluxes in pancreatic islets.
(table sugar), Saccharin, Cyclamate, Stevia (sevioside), Acesulfame-K
(Ace-k), Aspartame, and many other sweeteners, cause an increase
in insulin release from pancreatic islets incubated in vitro
in the presence of 7.0 mM D-glucose.
insulinotropic action of artificial sweeteners may be mediated
through G-protein coupled receptors similar to those involved
in the activation of taste buds by bitter compounds.
The pancreatic hormones insulin and glucagons function primarily
to regulate glucose homeostasis. A secondary role is that
of signaling energy intake to the central nervous system,
as the beta cells in the pancreas release these hormones in
response to feeding.
Because basal insulin levels rise in relation to adiposity,
circulating insulin levels also serve as a measure of energy
While elevated insulin levels in the brain may cause
a decrease in food intake, the action of insulin peripherally
is to lower circulating blood glucose levels and serve as
a stimulus for food consumption.
carbohydrates are consumed, insulin functions to store
excess energy in the form of fat.
the Cephalic response of insulin secretion serves to exacerbate
weight gain, obesity, Insulin Resistance, and diabetes by
elevating insulin levels, increasing appetite and by enhancing
According to the Journal of Behavioral Neuroscience,
When the taste of an artificial sweetener such as aspartame
stimulates the tongue, the brain programs the liver
to prepare for the arrival of new energy (sugar) from
liver, in turn, stops the manufacture of starch and
protein from reserves in the body, and instead begins
to store the glucose (energy) that is circulating in
the blood stream.
having a sweet taste without the accompanying calories
(sugar-free usually = low calories) stimulate the taste
buds, creating an urge to eat and thus overeat.
is the liver that produces the signals and the urge
to eat. The cephalic phase response triggers the release
of insulin, which stores sugar in the blood stream.
This creates low blood sugar, which leads to the development
of increased cravings and appetite.
have shown that this urge to eat more food after using
artificial sweeteners such as aspartame can last up
to 90 minutes after the meal or snack.
has been shown that the brain retains the urge to eat
for a long time, when the taste buds for sugar are stimulated,
without any sugar having entered the system.
sweet taste of artificial sweeteners such as aspartame
will cause the brain to program the liver to store supplies
rather than release supplies from its storage.
may be the reason why individuals who use diet soda
for weight loss may suffer the need for repeated stimulation
of the taste buds with sugar stimulation.
also applies to functional and beverages, as well as
diet sodas and colas that contain -0- calories, carbohydrates,